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Muscular Dystrophy Factsheet (for Schools) & What Teachers Should Know

Duchenne muscular disorder (DMD), the most common form in childhood, is the most severe form of muscular dystrophy. This is due to mutations in the DMD genes, which can lead to progressive muscle weakness and loss of independence in teens. It can also cause premature death from cardiorespiratory complications. A thorough review of the medical history and examinations of affected boys with developmental delay, proximal weakness, and elevated serum creatine kinase can help diagnose this condition. Further confirmation of the diagnosis by genetic testing or muscle biopsy is possible. It is essential to accurately identify the DMD mutation to provide genetic counseling and individual treatment for diverticulitis. Corticosteroids are used to prolong ambulation and delay secondary complications. 

Duchenne muscular disorder (DMD), a rare, inherited disease that causes muscle weakness and eventually affects the heart or lungs, is not shared. DMD patients will see many healthcare providers throughout their lives. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) funds these care considerations. They are meant to improve the standard of care, assist clinicians in providing the best care possible to people with DMD, and provide information for families and caregivers about managing their care. These articles provide the most recent clinical considerations for improving care and quality of life for those with DMD. Specialists in DMD treatment developed these care considerations. They are based on the most current evidence and personal clinical experience.

More than 30 diseases of muscular dystrophy can cause permanent muscle weakness. This disease is more common in families. Muscular dystrophy can be present at birth or develop during childhood or adulthood, depending on its type. Different types affect different muscles. Although treatments are effective, there is no cure for muscular dystrophy. These conditions are a form of myopathy, which is a disease of the bones. Muscles shrink over time and become weaker. This can affect your ability to walk, brush your teeth, and do daily tasks like cleaning your teeth. Muscular dystrophy can also affect your heart or lungs. Some forms develop later during adulthood. There is currently no cure.

Muscular dystrophy (or genetic disorder) is a condition that causes muscles to weaken. Muscular dystrophy is a condition that results from incorrect genetic information. There are many types of muscular dystrophy. Doctors are trying to improve muscle function and slow down muscle deterioration. Many of these conditions develop in childhood. However, some may not manifest until later in life. Treatment options include medications, physical and occupational therapy, and surgical and other procedures. The treatment team can adjust their treatments as the disease progresses by conducting ongoing assessments of the patient’s walking, swallowing, and breathing.

Muscular dystrophy is a common condition in families. Muscular dystrophy can be passed from one parent to another. Some people may have the mutation but not have muscular dystrophy. The mutated gene can be given to a child by healthy adult carriers. Even if one or both of the parents have the condition, a faulty gene can be passed to the child by either parent. Muscular dystrophy can occur spontaneously.Many young adults with DMD have seen a significant improvement in their life expectancy and quality of life through the early use of noninvasive positive pressure ventilation and cardioprotective agents.We also discuss the clinical benefits of advanced strategies that combine gene editing, cell-based therapy, and tissue engineering in treating muscular dystrophy.

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